Niagara Falls, more specifically, is the name of three waterfalls - the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Canadian side of Niagara Falls located between Goat Island and Table Rock is known as the Horseshoe Falls. With the highest flow rate and beauty, Horseshoe Niagara Falls becomes a holiday spot for millions of people every year.
Studies and history of Niagara Falls indicate that thousands of years ago, the Falls was 11 km downstream from its current spot. Erosion was a major issue associated with the Canadian Falls. And the rate of average erosion of the Niagara Falls rose up to 1 metre per year until early 1950s. Thereafter the water diversions have spread out more evenly reducing the erosion in Niagara Falls. The Canadian Horseshoe Falls is also a great source of hydraulic power .
Get to know facts about Niagara Falls! There are over 500 waterfalls in the world are taller than Niagara Falls. But Niagara Falls is the biggest waterfalls in the world by the volume of whopping water siphoned at an average of 750,000 gallons each second.
Niagara Falls Facts
- The Height of Canadian Falls 170 ft (52 metres)
- The Estimated Crestline 670 metres wide
- The depth of the river at the base of the Falls is 56 metres (184 ft)
- The depth of Niagara River is less than the depth of the Falls
- The estimated flow rate of Horseshoe Falls is 168,000 cubic metres
- The Niagara River flows at approximately 35 miles/hour (56.3 kilometers/hour)
- The Canadian side of the Falls was first called as "horseshoe" in 1721
- The length of Niagara River 58 km
- The upper part of Niagara River lengthen 35 km from Lake Erie
- Niagara River divides into two - the West Channel and East Channel
- The west channel known as the Canadian or Chippawa Channel (length 17.7 km & width 610 to 1220 m)
- The east channel known as the American or Tonawanda Channel (length 24 km & width 460 to 610 m) carries only 40% of the total river flow